Ch. 7 Nutrition



    ( revised 2014)

    -          Know the following terms:  heart disease, water, RDA, junk food, healthful snack, & fiber.

      -          Eat a low fat, high nutrient diet following My Plate/My Pyramid Guidelines and eating nutrient dense foods

    -          Junk food is high in calories and low in nutrients.

    -          The three energy nutrients are Carbs, Protein, and Fat.

    -          Teens should get 3 cups of milk per day, along with additional calcium rich foods in order to ensure they get enough calcium to develop and maintain bone structure.

    -          Vegans (Vegetarians who consume meat-free diets) – Their primary nutritional concern is getting essential vitamins and minerals.

    -          Consuming high levels of SATURATED FAT is linked to increased HEART DISEASE.

    -          Athletes, infants, & people who are ill have different energy, nutrient, & fluid needs than most other people.

    -          Adults need less energy (calories) per pound of body weight then children & teens because they are not growing anymore.

    -          Healthful snacks are high – nutrient density foods.

    -          On a food label, be able to calculate what percentage of calories comes from fat.

    -          Evaluate a food label to determine if a food is junk food. Explain answer. See page 168 – 170 in book. Look at the amount of calories, fat calories, types of fat, as well as fiber, vitamins/minerals, % Daily Value of each.

    -          Evaluate a diet and determine whether he/she is getting too much or too little of any food group, and revise the diet. Replace high/fat sugar foods with low fat/high fiber and whole grain foods.

    -          Explain the relationship between diet and good health.

    -          Summarize the 3 Dietary Guidelines.